Monday, May 16, 2016

Confessions of the Confederate Spymaster at Shiloh

This piece written for The Daily Beast and published in its entirety on May 5, 2016, grew out of a talk I gave while accompanying a New York Times Journeys tour of the Shiloh, Corinth and Brice's Crossroads battlefields earlier in the month

SHILOH BATTLEFIELD, Tennessee—It’s rare in history that spymasters get credit for victories, but, then again, only occasionally are they blamed for disasters. Few are so bold or so foolish as to declare that something is an absolute fact, as CIA Director George Tenet did when he told President George W. Bush the intelligence confirming Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction was a “slam dunk.”

No, the language of espionage is a language of qualification. Do the Iranians have a nuclear weapons program? A key National Intelligence Estimate in 2007 concluded they sort of didn’t but, then again, might just. (“We judge with high confidence that in fall 2003, Tehran halted its nuclear weapons program; we also assess with moderate-to-high confidence that Tehran at a minimum is keeping open the option to develop nuclear weapons.”)

One can imagine the frustration of presidents, or for that matter, generals, when they get that kind of fact-fudged information. So the question often becomes, for them, less about what information can trusted than about whose information and whose judgment can be trusted, and that person, whether as spymaster, chief of staff, or with some more mysterious title, becomes the bearer of good news, bad news, and, most importantly, trusted news.

But that person is not in the public eye. The leader he or she reports to gets the credit or the blame. And when it comes to the military, the spymaster or staff officer remains in the shadows, without a command, and without a reputation; a footnote in hundreds of histories, the central figure in few or none.

Such a man, here at the horrific Battle of Shiloh in April 1862, was Adjutant-General Thomas Jordan, who had been Confederate Gen. Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard’s right-hand man since before the first Battle of Bull Run the year before, who would stay with him through most of the war, and who defended Beauregard’s reputation ferociously—one might say as if it were his own—ever afterward.

Shiloh, which took place almost one year after the Rebel attack on Fort Sumter that started the American Civil war, was the first truly bloody battle in a conflict that eventually turned slaughter into an industrial activity. At Shiloh there were more casualties (killed, wounded and missing) than in all the previous American wars combined: from the Revolution to 1812, from the Halls of Montezuma to the shores of Tripoli, the carnage pales by comparison.... MORE

A derelict filling station that's a relic of the South where I grew up.

Rifles, including assault rifles, for sale at the Bass Pro Shop pyramid in Memphis.

The statue of Jefferson Davis in Memphis, Tennessee

A quiet corner of Corinth, Mississippi

Wasps on a cannon at Shiloh Battlefield

Talking about "Our Man" at The Metropolitan Club of Washington DC, 11:45 on Tuesday

If you are a member of The Metropolitan Club of Washington D.C., please do come join in the conversation tomorrow about "Our Man in Charleston." We'll be breaking some fresh ground in this innovative history that's changed the way we see the Civil War.
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Conversations: Christopher Dickey on Our Man in Charleston
Tuesday, May 17

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Please use the link above to make a reservation, or click here to email the Front Desk.
Join us on Tuesday, May 17 for a Library Conversation when our guest will be the well-known journalist Christopher Dickey. He will be speaking about his new book, Our Man in Charleston: Britain’s Secret Agent in the Civil War South. It tells the story of Robert Bunch, the British Consul in Civil War era Charleston, who used all the tools of diplomacy and espionage to keep Great Britain from recognizing the Confederacy and reopening the Atlantic slave trade. It is a deeply researched and thrilling account of the fight over slavery and of relations between the US and Great Britain, which has been praised by such noted Civil War historians as James McPherson and Harold Holzer. In addition, Joan Didion praised the book as “a perfect book about an imperfect spy” and ex-CIA operative Robert Baer called it “the best espionage book I’ve read.”

Christopher Dickey is currently the Paris-based Foreign Editor for The Daily Beast and has been a foreign correspondent for Newsweek and the Washington Post. He has written numerous other books, including With The Contras on Nicaragua, Securing the City on the NYPD and Summer of Deliverance on his father, the poet James Dickey. We are honored to have Christopher Dickey as our guest to share with us an unfamiliar aspect of the Civil War.

Conversations begin with a complimentary glass of wine (and a slice of cheese) at about 11:45 a.m. Catherine Porter will be the interlocutor for this Library Conversation. She will have us seated by noon, and we will wind up no later than 12:45 p.m. after which many of us will escort our guest to the Treasury Room on the Fourth Floor where we will have lunch and continue the dialogue. Although there is no charge for this event, it would be helpful if those planning to attend were to notify the Front Desk or register online.
The Metropolitan Club of the City of Washington / 1700 H Street, NW, Washington, D.C. 20006 / (202) 835-2500

The Metropolitan Club of City of Washington
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